Overwaard in Kinderdijk, The Netherlands

In the thirteenth century, count Floris V of Holland ordered the founding of District Water Boards. Water Boards were innovative organisations; cooperative efforts in which all residents contributed to keeping these lands dry. Three Water Boards were founded in this part of the Netherlands: Alblasserwaard, Overwaard and Nederwaard, which were later merged into the Rivierenland Water Board. A system of ditches and watercourses was used to lead the water from the polder to the low point at the western tip of the area. That point is Kinderdijk.

Photos and Videos of the Overwaard in Kinderdijk, The Netherlands

De Overwaard (Kinderdijk, Nederland)

De Overwaard (Kinderdijk, The Netherlands)

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Bilder und Videos von der Overwaard in Kinderdijk, Niederlande

History of the Pump System in the Overwaard (Kinderdijk, the Netherlands)

History of the Pump System in the Overwaard (Kinderdijk, The Netherlands)

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Fotos y Videos de Overwaard en Kinderdijk, Países Bajos

J.U. Smitgemaal in Kinderdijk, Nederland

J.U. Smit Pumping Station in Kinderdijk, The Netherlands

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Photos et Vidéos du Overwaard à Kinderdijk, Pays-Bas

Gevel van het Waardhuis van het Waterschap Overwaard met de Wapens van de Leden van het Bestuurscollege van 1775 (Kinderdijk, Nederland)

Facade of the Waardhuis of the Water Board Overwaard with the Coat of Arms of the Members of the Executive Council of 1775 (Kinderdijk, the Netherlands)

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Foto’s en Video’s van de Overwaard in Kinderdijk, Nederland

Wisboomgemaal in Kinderdijk, Nederland

Wisboom Pumping Station in Kinderdijk, The Netherlands

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The wooden windmills of the Overwaard (1740) use a scoop wheel to pump water from the Lower Basin to the Upper Basin. Inside is enough space for a miller and his entire family.
From steam to electricity and diesel, and currently by a computer-operated system of pumping stations, the Kinderdijk mills got help from ever-better pumps to keep draining the rising water from the polder. At low river levels, the sluices open up, and the pumps expel the water into the river.

Zdjęcia i Filmy z Overwaard w Kinderdijk, Holandia

Visitors Centre in the Wisboom Pumping Station (Kinderdijk, The Netherlands)

Visitors Centre in the Wisboom Pumping Station (Kinderdijk, The Netherlands)

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In 1868, Overwaard got help from this steam-powered pump. In 1924, it was refitted with electric pumps. The J.U. Smit pumping station replaced the Van Haaften pumping station in 1972. Its screws are now computer-guided, using careful measurements of water levels and wind and weather forecasts. The G.N. Kok pumping station replaced the old Wisboom station, this electric pump uses three giant Archimedean screws to discharge water at volumes greater than the capacity of 24 windmills combined.

Foto e Video di Overwaard a Kinderdijk, Paesi Bassi

Bezoekerscentrum Wisboomgemaal in Kinderdijk, Nederland

Visitors Centre Wisboomgemaal in Kinderdijk, The Netherlands

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Fotos e Vídeos do Overwaard em Kinderdijk, Países Baixos

Plaquette Stoomgemaal Bestuur en Hoofd Ingelanden Kinderdijk 1868

Plaque of the Board of the Steam Pumping Station of the Kinderdijk 1868

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Fotók és Videók a Holland Kinderdijk Overwaard-ról

Bilder og Videoer av Overwaard i Kinderdijk, Nederland

Fotografije i Videozapise Overwaarda u Kinderdijk, Nizozemska

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