Port of Rotterdam, The Netherlands

The Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe, located in the city of Rotterdam, Netherlands. From 1962 until 2004 it was the world’s busiest port, which was overtaken first by Singapore and then Shanghai. In 2011, Rotterdam was the world’s eleventh-largest container port in terms of twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU) handled. In 2012 Rotterdam  was the world’s sixth-largest port in terms of annual cargo tonnage.

Port of Rotterdam, Netherlands

Hafen Rotterdam, Niederlande

Chemical Industry Port of Rotterdam

Chemical Industry in the Port of Rotterdam, the Netherlands

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Covering 105 square kilometres (41 sq mi), the port of Rotterdam now stretches over a distance of 40 kilometres (25 mi). It consists of the city centre’s historic harbour area, including Delfshaven; the Maashaven/Rijnhaven/Feijenoord complex; the harbours around Nieuw-Mathenesse; Waalhaven; Vondelingenplaat; Eemhaven; Botlek; Europoort, situated along the Calandkanaal, Nieuwe Waterweg and Scheur (the latter two being continuations of the Nieuwe Maas); and the reclaimed Maasvlakte area, which projects into the North Sea. Rotterdam consists of five distinct port areas and three distribution parks that facilitate the needs of a hinterland with 40,000,000 consumers.

Puerto de Róterdam, Países Bajos

荷兰鹿特丹港

Port de Rotterdam, Pays-Bas

ميناء روتردام ، هولندا

Rotterdamse Haven Bereikbaarheid

Rotterdam Port Accessibility

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Porto de Roterdão, Países Baixos

RHB (Rotterdams Havenbedrijf)

RHB (Rotterdams Havenbedrijf)

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In the first half of the 19th century the port activities moved from the centre westward towards the North Sea. To improve the connection to the North Sea, the Nieuwe Waterweg (“New Waterway”), a large canal, was designed to connect the Rhine and Meuse rivers to the sea. The Nieuwe Waterweg was designed to be partly dug, then to further deepen the canal bed by the natural flow of the water. Ultimately however, the last part had to be dug by manual labour as well. Nevertheless, Rotterdam from then on had a direct connection between the sea and harbour areas with sufficient depth. The Nieuwe Waterweg has since been deepened several times. It was ready in 1872 and all sorts of industrial activity formed on the banks of this canal.

Порт Роттердам, Нидерланды

Verkeerscentrale Rotterdam, Nederland

Vessel Traffic Management System (VTMS) in Rotterdam, Netherlands

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로테르담 항, 네덜란드

Haven van Rotterdam, Nederland

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Container Terminals in Rotterdam, The Netherlands

The terminals in the Port of Rotterdam are among the most modern terminals in the world. The terminals provide rapid (automated) processing of cargo such as containers, dry bulk, liquid bulk, breakbulk and LNG. Various terminals have direct links to the deep-sea and feeder, short-sea, RoRo, road, rail and inland waterway connections.

Container Terminals in Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Euromax Terminal on the Maasvlakte (Rotterdam, the Netherlands)

Euromax Terminal on the Maasvlakte (Rotterdam, the Netherlands)

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Containerterminals in Rotterdam, Niederlande

RWG Terminal (Rotterdam, Holandia)

RWG Terminal (Rotterdam, Netherlands)

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Terminales de Contenedores en Rotterdam, Países Bajos

In 1966, when containers were introduced in Rotterdam, existing quay walls were used for handling containers. The container revolution led to the formation of ECT, the Europe Container Terminus, with its Home Terminal at the Margriethaven in the Eemhaven. The ECT terminal received its first ship, the ‘Atlantic Span’ of shipping company ACL, on 31 August 1967 at this terminal. The increasing salaries and shortage of labour stimulated the conversion of ships into a container ship. Due to a greater capacity and a smaller turnaround time, a container ship could make more trips. For the Port Authority the appearance of container ships meant heavier and faster handling equipment and another layout and design of the terminal. Container traffic developed rapidly. By 1968, the Port of Rotterdam was handling around 65,000 containers, in 1969, this was 121,000 and in 1971 around 250,000.

荷兰鹿特丹的集装箱码头

Terminaux à Conteneurs à Rotterdam, Pays-Bas

محطات الحاويات في روتردام ، هولندا

Terminais de Contentores em Rotterdam, Holanda

The construction of Maasvlakte represented a remarkable reversal in the development process of the port: for the first time, water had had to make way for land. The construction started in 1965, and was finally realized in 1973, albeit in a revised version. In August 1974, plans for a 400 hectare container terminal at the Maasvlakte for ships with a draught up to 15 meter received a lot of opposition. The Maasvlakte concept was always going to encompass container terminals, but no-one could have predicted the dramatic development of this market segment. Back in the early 1980’s, when ECT decided to establish a new container terminal along the Europahaven at the Maasvlakte, called the Delta terminal, the move was labeled as the logistical blunder of the century. Later it emerged to have been a master stroke. The terminal had an annual capacity of 600,000 containers and handled ships of different companies.

контейнерные терминалы в Роттердаме, Нидерланды

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Containerterminals in Rotterdam, Nederland

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